wards and clinics

NUCLEAR MEDICINE


Nuclear Medicine is the science of diagnosis and treatment of diseases with radioactive substance. Radiopharmaceuticals are similar to the m molecules within the body and are traceable from the outside of the body. So, after administration of radiopharmaceuticals, different organs of the body and changes caused by diseases can be easily examined and many disease can be diagnosed, trackes and the response to the treatment can be assessed even before they are detected by anatomical imaging methods such as CT scans. The Nuclear Medicine Department of Pardis Noor Medical imaging Center, with advanced, state-of-the-art equipment, is capable of doing many high quality scans. Some of the services provided in this section and their applications include:



1. Oncology 
Contribution to tumor staging 
Detection of tumor recurrence 
Assessment of tumor response to the treatment 
Differentiation of viable tumor tissue from necrotic/fibrotic tissue
C
ontribution to the determination of the nature of some tumors (benign/ malignant/neuroendocrine) 

Including the examination of bone metastasis and assessment of tumors including cancer of breast, prostate, lung, neuroendocrin tumors, and lymphoma, tumors of the brain and soft tisse and bone is performed using radiopharmaceuticals such as: 
Tc-MDP
Gallium, thallium 
Tc-MIB
DMSA
Alkaline octreotide 

Discovering and scanning Sentinel node in breast cancer and melanoma for diagnosing lymphatic metastasis 
Differentiation of hemangioma from liver metastasis 
Treatment of painful bone metastases 



2. Skeletal System 
Osteomyelitis 
Underlying stress fracture 
Bone metastases 
Examination of bone pain with no known cause 
Examination of TMG for detecting the cause of pain or jaw deviation 
SPECT (Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography) for evaluation of lesions in complex bones such as spine, wrists, and osteoid osteoma 
Medical radiosynovectomy for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and hemophilic arthritis 
Avascular necrosis 
Prosthetic complications including infection 
Polyarthritis 
Examination of the number of bone lesions 



3. Genitourinary System
Evaluation of renal function with direction: Tc-DTPA 
Differentiation of hydronephrosis from obstructive uropathy and review of neonatal hydronephrosis 
Diagnosis of renovascular hypertension 
Evaluation of complications of implanted kidney 
Evaluation of kidneys in case of contrast allergy 
GFR

Evaluation of renal parenchyma for diagnosis : Tc-DMSA
Acute pyelonephritis (APN) and the resulting scars 
Congenital renal disorders 
Pseudotumors 
Renal trauma 
Determination of the separate function of kidneys 

Scrotal scan:
for distinguishing torsion from epididymitis 
Radioisotopic cystography: for detecting reflux and following up treatment 



4. Digestive System 

Scan of the bile ducts
Acute cholecystitis 
Biliary atresia 
Chronic biliary diseases 
Complications after biliary surgeries

Liver and Spleen scan
Parenchymal liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatitis 
Liver tumors, focal nodular hyperplasia 
Buud-Chiari syndrome 
Accessory spleen and splenosis 

Supplemental diverticular scan:
for examining ectopic gastric mucosa 
Hepatic hemangiomascan: for differentiating hemangioma from other liver tumors 
Gastrointestinal bleeding scan: for diagnosing lower gastrointestinal bleeding and estimating its approximate 

Gastrointestinal tract function: 
Diagnosis of esophageal reflux and evaluation of the response to treatment 
Esophageal transit 
Emptying of the stomach 

Intra-arterial treatment an imaging of liver tumors 



5. CNS (Central Nervous System)

Brain perfusion SPECT imaging with 
Dementia including Alzheimers and MCI 
Cerebrocascular disorders such as TIA 
Neurological complications including brain post-trauma 
Convulsion 

Brain scan with technetium 
Examination of brain death 
Herpetic encphalitis 

Radioisotopic Systrnography and brain shunt scan 
Examinationof CSF leak 
Investigation of shunt patency 
Diagnosis of hydrocephalus 
NPH and communicating 



6. Heart Scan 
Diagnosis of coronary disease (CAD) 
Determination of prognosis in patients with (CAD)
Assessment of the response to therapy 
Assessment of the patinets before surgery 
Assessment of viable myocardial tissue 

In all mentioned case, it is possible to assess myocardial, and to perform Gated imaging for determining EF, wall motions and heart function. 





7. Endocrine System 
Thyroid scan for the evaluation of thyroid nodules, differentiation of thyroiditis from hyperthyroidism, neonatal hyperthyroidism, and ectopic thyroid 
Parathyroid scan with SPECT for detecting parathyroid adenoma 
Detection of neuroendocrine tumor and review of its metastases 
Treatment of hyperthyroidism 



8. Other Cases 
Scan of tear ducts for deteting the possible location of tear duct obstruction 
Lung perfusion scan for diagnosis and follow-up of pulmonary embolism, detection of left ti right shunt, determination of separate function of lungs before lung surgery 
Examination of infection especially in prosthesis, with gallium scan and Tc-UBI 
The diagnosis of sarcoidosis and its activity with gallium scan 



It should be noted that: 
In the Nuclear Medial Center of Pardis Noor, patients who are unable to cooperate, including children, may be scanned using anesthesia. 

fax: (+98 21) 22 25 82 48, tel: (+98 21) 22 25 82 45-7 , email:info@pardisnoor.com      Design By Simiaco